Bmw 2004 E46 Amp Wiring Guide Database | Wiring Collection Bmw 2004 E46 Amp Wiring Guide from detoxicrecenze To properly read a cabling diagram, one offers to learn how typically the components within the system operate. For instance , in case a module is usually powered up and it sends out a signal of fifty percent the voltage in addition to the technician does not know this, he'd think he has an issue, as he or she would expect a 12V signal. BMW E46 MANUAL Pdf Download | ManualsLib STEPPER MOTOR M-BUS CONTROL The E46 uses the M-Bus for stepper motor control. All five stepper motors of the IHKA are bus controlled including: • Two fresh air/recirc-air flap motors • Face vent flap motor • Footwell flap motor • Defrost flap motor Due to the requirement for a fast acting motor for the fresh/recirc flaps, two different step- per motors (slow/fast) are used in the system.
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